2. RUSSIAN INFLUENCE
Russia was thus the first state, naturally we might almost say, to promote its sustainable presence in Central Asia.
The Eurasian Economic Union in 2015 and before the Commonwealth of Independent States in 1991 met this target. Both births could give hope to Moscow leaders that it would re-energize cooperation between the former socialist republics and put them together into a unifying framework. Ukraine crisis has blown it apart. As the substitute of economic part of CIS, the Eurasian Economic Union tries to unite countries under the patronage of Russia. To the satisfaction of the Kremlin, the Central Asian states not therefore decided and are not to depart too radically from the big "brother."
Without calling into question the voluntary nature of such commitments, the elites of these countries have certainly addressed the annoyances of a policy too openly hostile to that of Moscow; especially since no did not have the means or alternatives needed for such an attitude. However, the strategy implemented by the Kremlin with Georgia and Ukraine more recently explains the reluctance of Central Asians states to go further than an economic union which still remains vague.
To be continued.
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